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Nausea

Nausea is not a particular illness but is a symptom of an underlying disease, condition or side effect of treatment. It produces a sensation where your stomach wants to empty itself which may or may not result in vomiting or throwing up.

Causes
There are a variety of causes of nausea and/or vomiting. Some examples are:

Acute gastritis.This condition is due to the irritation of the lining of the stomach. This can be caused by several conditions such as:

  • Infections. These are commonly contracted during travel. The most common viral infections are noroviruses and rotavirus. These infections can also cause diarrhea and are very contagious.
  • Food poisoning. Bacterial sources of food poisoning include Salmonella, E. coli and botulism. Your symptoms can begin within just a few hours of eating or improperly prepared food that contains the bacterial toxin and can last for 1 or 2 days.
  • Stomach flu. This condition is a general term used to describe the nausea, vomiting and diarrhea due to a viral infection.
  • Ulcer. A peptic ulcer can cause mild to severe irritation and defect of the stomach lining that can lead to feelings of nausea or the act of vomiting depending upon the severity of the ulcer.
  • Acid reflux. Gastroesophageal reflux disease affects the lining of the esophagus and can lead to nausea and/or vomiting depending on severity of the irritation.
  • Other irritants. These can include over the counter steroidal anti inflammatory medications such as aspirin, naproxen or ibuprofen. Alcohol and smoking can also irritate the stomach and produce symptoms of nausea and vomiting.

Cancer treatment therapies. The most common cases of nausea and vomiting in cancer patients are due to chemotherapy and radiation therapy. They can also be caused by tumors that affect the gastrointestinal tract, the liver and brain. Constipation or infection and the use of some opioids (drugs used to treat pain from cancer) can also cause these symptoms. While the mechanisms that control nausea and vomiting have not be fully defined, both are controlled by your central nervous system. Nausea is believed to come from the stimulation of the autonomic nervous systems.

Contact us today via the form on the right or by calling (303) 623-PAIN [7246]. Once we know a little bit more about you and your condition, one of our highly qualified staff or physicians will be able to assist you towards the next step.

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